Sinus Infection Specialist

Richard L. Nass, M.D., F.A.C.S. -  - Otolaryngologist

Richard L. Nass, M.D., F.A.C.S.

Otolaryngologist & Sinus and Nasal Specialist located in Midtown East, New York, NY & East Hampton, NY

Every year, more than 31 million Americans experience a sinus infection. Though common, without intervention and treatment, a sinus infection can affect your ability to exercise or breathe clearly. Richard L. Nass, M.D., F.A.C.S., and his team boast years of experience treating sinus infections. To make an appointment at the practice in Midtown East, Manhattan, or East Hampton, New York, call the nearest office or schedule online today.

Sinus Infection Q & A

 Sinus Infection Image

What is a sinus infection?

A sinus infection causes your sinuses –– a group of hollow cavities that produce mucus and moisturize your airways –– to become irritated and inflamed. Healthy sinuses are filled with air, but if they’re blocked or filled with fluid, bacteria can grow and thrive, resulting in an infection.

What are the types of sinus infections?

Dr. Nass and his team diagnose and treat several types of sinus infections, including:

Acute bacterial sinusitis

Acute bacterial sinusitis is the most common type of sinus infection. It’s characterized by a stuffy nose, facial pain, and difficulty breathing that lasts for at least 10 days. Treatment for acute bacterial sinusitis usually involves antibiotics and prescription decongestants.

Chronic sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis refers to a sinus infection that lasts for three months or longer. 

Subacute sinusitis

Subacute sinusitis refers to a sinus infection that lasts between four and 12 weeks. 

Recurrent acute sinusitis

Recurrent acute sinusitis refers to a sinus infection that occurs more than four times in a single year, with each episode lasting less than two weeks.

Who is at risk of a sinus infection?

Sinus infections affect people of all ages, but several factors may increase your risk, including:

  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • Nasal polyps
  • A deviated septum
  • Weak immune system
  • Abnormal nose structure

You’re also more likely to experience sinusitis if you smoke. 

How is a sinus infection diagnosed?

To diagnose a sinus infection, Dr. Nass reviews your medical history and asks about your symptoms, including when they started, their severity, and if any activities like spending time outdoors make them worse.

Next, Dr. Nass conducts a physical exam. During the physical, he looks in your ears, nose, and throat for signs of swelling, drainage, or a blockage. If these measures don’t provide enough information about your condition, he might also order a CT scan or an MRI of your sinuses. 

How is a sinus infection treated?

Treatment of a sinus infection depends on the type and severity of your symptoms. Usually, Dr. Nass and his team recommend conservative, integrative measures, including:

  • Decongestants
  • Over-the-counter cold and allergy medication
  • Nasal saline irrigation
  • Drinking fluids
  • Antibiotics
  • Oral or topical decongestants
  • Prescription intranasal steroid sprays

In severe cases, Dr. Nass might recommend rinsing your nose with a saline solution or taking Leukotriene antagonists. Leukotriene antagonists help reduce swelling and allergy symptoms.

To explore your treatment options for a sinus infection, make an appointment at the practice of Richard L. Nass, M.D., by calling the nearest office or scheduling online.