Posts for: May, 2018
According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, habitual snoring occurs in about 40% of men and 24% of women. This issue is common but, in some cases, can be the sign of a more complex medical condition. Snoring is one of the most obvious and prevalent symptoms of sleep apnea, a condition which can seriously affect one’s quality of nighttime sleep. Find out more about sleep apnea and what it means for you with your ear, nose, and throat doctor, Dr. Richard Nass with office locations in Manhattan, New York, NY, and East Hampton, NY.
What is sleep apnea?
Sleep apnea causes patients to temporarily stop breathing while asleep. Obtrusive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs due to an obstruction of the airway which causes it to collapse. OSA is the most common form of sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea (CSA) occurs due to the signals from the brain which tell the lungs to breathe become disrupted and often happens after other issues like stroke or heart failure.
Do I have sleep apnea?
The most obvious sign of sleep apnea is snoring, but there are some other tell-tale signs of this condition. Some common issues caused by sleep apnea include:
- awakening abruptly, often accompanied by gasping for or shortness of breath
- chest pain at night
- morning headaches
- excessive daytime sleepiness
- apneas, or short pauses in breathing while asleep
How is sleep apnea diagnosed?
There is no one objective test to determine if you have sleep apnea. Those who suspect they suffer from sleep apnea undergo a sleep test, which takes place in a laboratory setting and allows technicians to observe the body’s functions while sleeping. The test can accurately observe the body’s reactions to sleep and determine if you suffer from this condition.
Treating Sleep Apnea in Manhattan and East Hampton
Treating sleep apnea depends on the patient, the severity of their condition, and their lifestyle. A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine is commonly used to treat sleep apnea. This machine blows a gentle stream of air into the airway to keep it open. However, other individuals may benefit from a dental appliance to treat OSA. Some mild cases may benefit from simple lifestyle changes like changing sleeping position or losing weight. In more severe cases, surgery may be needed.
For more information on sleep apnea or its treatments, please contact Dr. Nass with office locations in Manhattan, New York, NY, and East Hampton, NY. Call (212) 734-4515 to schedule your appointment in Manhattan or (631) 324-4900 to schedule your appointment in East Hampton.
Approximately 29 million adult Americans have been diagnosed with sinusitis (an inflammation of the sinuses) according to the CDC. In many cases, that inflammation is caused by an infection. There are relatively minor cases which may cause some cold symptoms, and other cases that can make it almost impossible to breathe, talk, or even see clearly. When you have recurring sinus infections, meaning they clear up and then come back frequently throughout the year, you should see Dr. Richard Nass at his East Hampton or Manhattan, NY office to find out the cause.
What Are Sinus Infections?
The sinuses are a series of cavities that are located next to your nose, between your eyes, and above your brow. They are connected by a network of passageways. When bacteria and germs irritate these passageways and cavities, it causes a sinus infection. The symptoms are headaches, pressure around the eyes, congestion, and overproduction of mucus.
What Causes Sinus Infections
When sinus problems happen time and time again throughout the year, they're called recurrent or recurring sinus infections. It's important to narrow down the possible causes with the help of your East Hampton or Manhattan, NY doctor. Here are a few possible reasons why you're having a recurring sinus problem:
- Exposure to another person who has a cold virus.
- Nasal congestion that isn't cleared promptly.
- Allergies (common in certain seasons).
- Exposure to too much dry air.
- An immunodeficiency disorder or related condition.
- Stress and lack of sleep.
- Smoking or secondhand smoke.
Treating and Stopping Recurring Infections
Your doctor will treat sinus infections by clearing the nasal passages and administering antibiotic therapies. Once you're consulted about the possible causes, you and your doctor can discuss ways of avoiding future infections. Actions to consider include using a neti pot to clear congestion regularly, taking allergy medication, buying a humidifier for your home, and joining a smoking cessation program. Oal steroids or antibiotics may also be prescribed depending on the cause of your infection. For severe infections, surgery may be needed. Fortunately, minimally invasive procedures such as balloon sinuplasty are available to treat your recurring infections.
Get Help at the Doctor's Office
Some cases of sinusitis go away on their own and don't keep coming back. But when you experience recurring sinus infections, you should see a doctor for help. Call (212) 734-4515 or (631) 324-4900 today to make an appointment with Dr. Richard Nass at his East Hampton or Manhattan, NY office.
Do you frequently experience congestion, sinus headaches and pain around your nose, eyes and cheeks? You may have a chronic sinus infection. Manhattan and East Hampton, NY, ear, nose and throat specialist Dr. Richard Nass discusses the symptoms of chronic infections and explains how they're treated.
How can I tell if I have a chronic sinus infection?
A chronic sinus infection, also known as chronic sinusitis, occurs if your symptoms last for three months or longer. You may also develop chronic sinusitis after you've had acute sinusitis, a condition that only lasts about two to four weeks. If you have the condition, you may experience several of these symptoms:
- Frequent headaches
- Nasal congestion
- Thick green or yellow discharge
- Post-nasal drip
- Pain, pressure and swelling in your sinuses, eyes, forehead, and cheeks. (Pain and pressure may increase when you bend over.)
- Ear pain
- Reduced sense of smell or taste
- Sore throat
- Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections
Your risk of developing chronic sinusitis may increase if you have:
- Allergies or asthma
- Enlarged turbinates in your nose
- Nasal polyps
- Deviated septum
- Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)
- Cystic fibrosis
- Frequent exposure to pollutants or cigarette smoke
How are chronic sinus infections treated?
Although over-the-counter decongestants and sinus medications may be somewhat helpful, they might not provide nearly enough relief if you have chronic sinusitis. When you visit our Manhattan or East Hampton offices, we may recommend one or more prescription medications, such as antibiotics, decongestants or corticosteroids. These medications address the infection, inflammation, and swelling that cause your symptoms.
If medications don't help, or your symptoms are severe, you may benefit from balloon sinuplasty. During this minimally invasive procedure, a deflated balloon is placed into your sinuses via a catheter. Inflating the balloon widens the passages, reducing congestion. The procedure also involves spraying saline solution into the sinuses to remove mucus.
Endoscopic sinus surgery may be needed if you have a deviated septum, nasal polyps or enlarged turbinates. The surgery is performed by inserting a miniature camera and a flexible scope containing tiny surgical instruments into your sinus passages. Because cutting is involved in endoscopic surgery, the recovery period is longer than that for balloon sinuplasty.
If you suffer from chronic sinus infections, a visit to the ear, nose and throat doctor can help. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Nass by calling (212) 734-4515 for the Manhattan, NY, office or (631) 324-4900 for the East Hampton, NY, office.